simple, fresh and clean tasting ofe ugbogoro

Ofe Ugbogoro (Melon Leaf Soup)

Ofe ugbogoro (melon leaf soup) is an Igbo soup from eastern Nigeria. It is super fresh and clean tasting and usually a one day soup. In order to enjoy this soup and take full advantage of the freshness of the vegetables, it is best eaten once it comes off the heat. This doesn’t mean it will taste much worse when eaten later, just that the crispness of the leaves won’t be as pronounced. The leaves are very seasonal usually abundant and easily obtainable during the rainy season. 

ubgogoro leaf for ofe ugbogoro

Ofe ugbogoro was the only food, I could hold down when I had morning sickness for Son number 1. I didn’t care that it had to be warmed from the freezer every day. There is something very clean and uncomplicated about the soup. Thanks to my Aunty Rose who made sure I always had it available until I started feeling better.

This proportion is for only 1-2 people. It is not stressful to make, so I never really make a large quantity, just enough to finish at once. Also, it shouldn’t be overcrowded with the vegetables. You can reduce the amount of oil used, especially if you are just going to drink it without any accompaniment. It is similar to okro soup, see simple and fresh okro soup.


  • This leaf ugbogoro is not the regular egusi (melon) or watermelon leaf. Some people call it pumpkin leaf, some academic papers call it melon leaf, from its morphology, you can even call it squash leaf. They are all from the gourd family. Some things are actually lost in translation.


To prepare Ofe Ugbogoro (melon leaf soup)

dry fish 
stock fish
130g ugbogoro leaf (melon leaf)
130g okra
1/4 cup palm oil
2 tablespoons + 1/2 tablespoon crayfish
scotch bonnet (fresh pepper)
1 1/2 cups stock + water
1 small onion (1/4 cup chopped onion)
1 seasoning cube


Wash meat and stock fish, place in a pot and season with salt and seasoning cube. Boil until almost tender.

Place dry fish in boiling hot water for about 2 minutes, drain and rinse thoroughly in cold water. Add dry fish to the pot of boiling meat.

Pick, Ugbogoro leaf, remove fibrous stem and wash thoroughly with several changes of water.

a close up of ugbogoro leaf

Shred leaves into large pieces.

Wash and cut okra into big chunks about 3/4 to 1-inch thick.

chopped okra ready for ofe ugbogoro

Warm palm oil but do not bleach. Fry okra, onions and pepper for 30 seconds.

okro frying in the pot

okro being fried for ofe ugbogoro

ofe ugbogoro being cooked

Add crayfish, stir well, all the time being careful not to break up the okro.

Pour in 1 cup of meat stock.

ofe ugbogoro being cooked

Add meat, stock fish, dry fish and seasoning cube. Stir and taste, add salt.

ofe ugbogoro being cooked

Cook for about 5 minutes over medium heat, checking if okra is tender but not mushy.

Add shredded ugbogoro leaves (melon leaves), stir and taste.

Add 1/2 tablespoon crayfish and the 1/2 cup of stock if needed.

ofe ugbogoro being cooked

Cook for 2-3 minutes and take off the heat.

Serve Ofe Ugbogoro with a side of swallow, rice, agidi/eko etc. You can also drink it as a soup.

simple, fresh and clean tasting ofe ugbogoro


  • Ugbogoro is a vine and is sometimes left to grow close to the ground, so with the rains splashing sandy water on the leaves, extra care should be taken to rinse it in several changes of water.
  • Ugbogoro soup (melon leaf soup) is supposed to be light and almost watery like pepper soup.

Do give Ugbogoro soup a try and let me know how much you enjoyed it.

Do you have any comments, questions or suggestions, please leave a comment below.

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simple, fresh and clean tasting ofe ugbogoro


  1. are melon leaves the same as ugu leaves?

  2. Thanks for sharing this. I have ugboguru plant in my little garden. I like the soup but did not quite know how to prepare it. Now I can try it out this weekend. Please can you teach me how to cook the ugboguru fruit? I’ll really appreciate it. Thank you.

  3. Pingback: 13 Easy Igbo Soups - The Pretend Chef

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